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HopscotchHopscotch is a fun summer activity. It helps your child improve his balance, build his muscles and improve his large motor skills. If you've got sidewalk chalk, you can play hopscotch. We've come up with some neat ideas to make this not only a fun summertime activity but also a time to reinforce counting skills and number learning.

* Make sure everyone is wearing sunscreen and a hat to protect themselves from the sun's harmful rays. Because you'll be exerting yourselves through physical activity, a cold drink might be nice too.

What you'll need:

  • Chalk
  • Small rocks, a bean bag or coin for throwing.

Getting Ready to Play:

On the sidewalk, draw a hopscotch course (see illustration on right). Designs can vary but make sure you number each landing/hopping spot. Older children will delight in making long courses. Allow your child's creativity to flow.

Collect small rocks or other things that can be tossed onto to the course. Make sure you have one for each player. Smaller children might not be able to throw and aim for a particular spot so omit this. A frustrated child is not having fun, nor are they fun to be around.

How to Play:

These are simplified instructions for younger children. For full instructions, see Wikipedia.

  • The first player tosses the marker (typically a stone, coin or bean bag) into the first square.
  • Single squares must be hopped on one foot. Smaller children may not have the balance yet for hopping, allow them to walk or hold their hand as they attempt to hop.
  • Side by side squares are jumped on with one foot in each square.
  • After hopping to the end, turn around and hop/walk back to the beginning, picking up your marker on the way.
  • After completing the sequence, player 2 can try.
  • On each time through the course, the player should throw their marker into the next square from the previous turn.


Hopscotch Course
Simple Hopscotch Course

Teaching Ideas:

  1. Ask your child to help you number the squares from 1 through 8. If they are able, let them draw the numbers.
  2. Make each number a different color.
  3. For older children who already know how to count, practice skip-counting, you might choose by 2s, 3s, 4s, etc.
  4. As your child walks/hops on each square encourage him to call out the number he is on.
  5. Landing on each square count to that number. 1 is one, 2 is 1, 2. 3 is 1, 2, 3 and so on.
  6. As you play call out a "how many' for each number and encourage your child to do the same. For example:
    One. I have one mouth.
    Two. We have two doors on our house. I have two ears.
    Three. You are three years old.
    Four. A car has four wheels.
    Five. I have five fingers. Do you?
    Six. Let's find six ants when we are done. Insects have six legs.
    Seven. I've jumped on seven squares. Pirates sail the seven seas.
    Eight. We used 8 pieces of chalk to make this hopscotch. Spiders have eight legs.

Remember to make this a fun time for all. Sing songs, laugh a lot and don't forget to be silly. Learning can always be fun!

When you're finished playing, find a shady spot under a tree and reward your little learner with a Pot of Gold for snack!

Home Numbers Games Letters Crafts Shapes Discovery Colouring
Home Numbers Games Letters Crafts Shapes Discovery Coloring
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